- Lees, Gene. Brand new Audio Globes off Lerner & Loewe. London: Robson Instructions, 1990.
- Lerner, Alan Jay. Brand new Sounds Movies: A celebration. New york: Da Capo Force, 1986.
- Leve, James. Western Sounds Theater. New york: Oxford College Force, 2016.
- Maslon, Laurence, ed. American Musicals 1950–1969: The complete Publication & Lyrics from Seven Broadway Classics. New york: The fresh Collection out of The united states, 2014.
- McHugh, Dominic. Loverly: The life and you can Times of My personal Fair Girls. Broadway Legacies, modified because of the Geoffrey Block. Ny: Oxford College or university Press, 2012.
- Mordden, Ethaning Up Flowers: The fresh new Broadway Songs from the 1950s. Ny: Oxford College or university Push, 1998.
- Oates, Jennifer. “Brigadoon: Lerner and Loewe’s Scotland.” Knowledge in the Music Theatre step 3, zero. step one (2009); 91–99.
- Ostrow, Stuart. An effective Producer’s Broadway Journey. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1999
- Traubner, Richard. Operetta: An excellent Theatrical Background. Yard City, NY: Doubleday, 1983.
Section 30 – Leonard Bernstein
For the 1957, however, this new sour battles ranging from an excellent Puerto Rican gang (the fresh new Whales) and you may a white group (the Jets) emerged as the a surprise to many audiences. New Jets need to organize a fight-a good rumble-to guard what they value because their region up against a gang out-of “foreigners.” The newest Jets decide to material their problem during the college dancing that evening. Their previous chief, Tony, keeps “retired” out-of attacking, convinced that there is even more your than the new group. Yet not, their closest friend Riff, this new Jets’ the brand new frontrunner, persuades Tony to visit the fresh dance using them.
Anita and also the other girlfriends dispute concerning the deserves and you can disadvantages of its this new homeland in the “America” (Music Example 38)
Tony’s decision try fateful, to have the guy observes Maria, more youthful sister off Bernardo, chief of the Whales. erica in order to erican dancing. Tony and you can Maria are mesmerized of the each other, and day seems to stop as they dance and, gently, beginning to hug. Only then, Bernardo gets aware of just what their nothing aunt can be, and then he angrily requests Tony to remain from the woman. Riff interrupts this new confrontation because of the bringing the issue to rumble, and you may Bernardo agrees in order to meet Riff in the local pharmacy-the new Jets’ common hangout-pursuing the moving so you can bundle the facts of strive.
Tony discovers his cure for the newest flames refrain outside Maria’s flat, in which she sneaks over www.datingmentor.org/fr/rencontres-biracial/ to see him. Unacquainted with so it magic rendezvous, Bernardo’s spouse Anita attempts to get him to adopt the new disease regarding Maria’s direction. Bernardo is too aggravated to express Anita’s need, and then he renders on most other Sharks to your conflict council at the drugstore.
The Jets try wishing from the Doc’s pharmacy, in which Riff attempts to peaceful him or her off. If Sharks arrive, tensions install once more until Tony talks her or him to your allowing the new rumble getting based on good fistfight amongst the better kid each and every group. Bernardo, considering the new Jets’ combatant will be Tony, agrees; he is disturb to find out that various other Spray, Diesel, will be his opponent. A day later, Tony visits Maria within bridal store where she really works; she’s troubled regarding the rumble and you can will get Tony to vow that he’ll avoid it.
Since sun sets, someone begins to greet the evening to come on the “This evening (Quintet)” (Musical Analogy 39). If rumble starts, Bernardo mocks Tony, seeking to goad him to the fighting. Riff lunges give with the their buddy’s part, and you may Bernardo brings a knife. Riff, too, is actually equipped, so that the fight might potentially dangerous. Tony, refusing Maria’s brother to-be hurt, calls over to his buddy. When you are Riff is actually distracted, Bernardo lunges submit and eliminates your. During the a frustration, Tony holds Riff’s blade and you may kills Bernardo. Surprised, Tony really stands looking at exactly what they are complete before the Jets drag him aside.